With the continued legalization of cannabis in the Americas, the marijuana industry has never looked more appealing. As you look to grow this profitable plant, you need to know some cultivation basics. Here are seven things you need to know before deciding you need to grow your cannabis plant.
1. Picking Your Seeds
There are numerous choices when it comes to cannabis seeds, including sativa, ruderalis, indica, and other hybrids. Personal experiences can help you to pick the seed to grow. You could have enjoyed a particular strain when you used it for recreation or felt better when used as medicine. After determining the seed you want to farm, you need to find out the growing circumstances. In case you want to grow the plant in a tiny cupboard, small plants that mature fast like indicas or auto-flowering strains will effectively use the limited space. If you have a large space, you can grow large cannabis plants in large pots or directly in the soil.
Fundamentals of Cannabis
For cannabis to mature and offer juicy buds, it needs particular fundamental things.
For a healthy plant, cannabis requires more than 12 hours of light daily. If you plant indoors, you can use a timer to check time. Outdoor germination has to be delayed to allow the vegetation to be exposed to over 12 hours of daylight and get over eight hours of direct sunlight each day.
b.) Growing Medium
Whether indoors or outdoors, organic growers will utilize some soil types. But there are more choices other than soil. There are neutral mediums that are fully nutrient-dependent and include rock wool, vermiculite, coconut coir, and perlite. Deep water culture fails to use mediums and plants are suspended in oxygenated water.
For proper gaseous exchange and strength, the plant needs fresh moving air. If you plant outdoors, your cannabis will get plenty of breezes. But indoor plants will need fans for air circulation, stale air exhaust, and intake of fresh air. This is because still air promotes weak growth, molds, and pests. When aspirated gases build up and the plants experience stunted growth.
Cannabis requires water for growth, thriving, and other biological processes. If your region experiences regular rainfall, your outdoor plants will thrive. Because large marijuana plants normally consume plenty of water, you might require supplementing water between rains. For indoor plants, you need a pH meter to ensure your water has the proper pH since it’s a medium for carrying nutrients.
Cannabis plant can survive both heat and cold weather conditions. In case of extreme weather, it could die, go into stasis, or stop growing. The plant grows well at a temperature of 27-degree centigrade. This temperature is easily achievable due to cooling mats, heating, fans, and air conditioning units. Lights also offer heat. But outdoor require carefully picking your time. You need to obtain a sun cycle chart or app for proper timing.
The plant thrives in a soil mix rich in minerals, vitamins, compost, and living organisms. You can boost the quality of the soil and promote healthy growth of the plant by applying feather meals, molasses, and compost tea to the soil. Neutral mediums allow you to offer the plant pre-formulated blends of nutrients.
If you plant outdoors, you lose control over this factor. However, your plants become powerful due to the humidity variations and strong biological functions required for adapting to an adjusting environment. But indoor growing needs you to control humidity from germination to maturity. Since the plants release moisture into the air, you need to control it to avoid molds and pest.
3. Lighting for Indoor Growth
In case you have invested in a grow cupboard, lighting as well as other functions come with it. This option is expensive when compared to the rest. You can also acquire basic and efficient small LED panels or fluorescent bulbs under $300. Additionally, you can go for metal halide and high-pressure sodium lamps that are traditional options for grow lights.
4. Germination and Seedlings
Every viable seed has all the required information for growing the plant strain selected. With the proper conditions, the plant’s life cycle will start. The seed needs an ideal location, proper temperature, and water for germination. You can germinate the seeds in pots before transferring the seedlings to the medium. However, to avoid transplant shock, put the seeds directly on the medium. You can also place the seeds on a moist paper towel placed on a plate.
5. Vegetation Phase
Immediately the first leaves receive light, photosynthesis starts. Metabolic functions begin to take place in your plants, and this is the onset of the vegetative phase. The plants thrive when being offered nutrients ideal for this phase or when in organic soil. Plenty of breeze makes the plants robust and control the temperatures. Scroggins and low-stress straining can be utilized in increasing the flower potential and growth rate of indoor cannabis.
6. Blooming Phase
Blooming phase is also the budding and flowering stage of the cannabis plant. During this period, the plant starts to generate aroma. You will see interesting arrangements of the flowers that are unique to the plant strain. When outdoors, you will notice when the autumn season starts. When indoors, you will notice some flowers growing on the plants and you will need to adjust the lighting to 12 hours per day and 12 hours per night.
During the last weeks of the growth of the plants, you will just water them without any nutrients. This will prevent built-up salt and nutrients from being part of the flavour. When you notice changing colour and shrivelling back of pistils, know your plants are mature. The plant adjusts colour from clear to milky before changing to amber. The clusters of the flowers are also swollen and appear to be turning inside out. It is time to harvest.
Whether you are growing marijuana indoors or outdoors, be sure to pick the right plant strain. If you are growing it indoors, be sure to go for Pipp Horticulture vertical growing. It will maximize your yield.